View images as a clickable sequence.

Kerkenes image 1

1) Kerkenes is a major Iron Age (Phrygian-period) fortified city on a hilltop in central Turkey.

NASA Blue Marble true-colour global imagery [1km resolution]

Kerkenes image 2

2) It commands a strategic crossing-point of east-west and north-south routes. (Blue Marble draped on 1km DEM).

NASA Blue Marble true-colour global imagery [1km resolution]

Kerkenes image 3

3) It sits on the border between the undulating and relatively dry terrain of central Anatolia, and the wetter and more rugged country to the north, with routes leading to the Black Sea. The yellow line indicates the actual outline of the site.

Landsat 7 draped on 1km DEM.
Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 4

4) The site is set on an east-west ridge separating the Yozgat valley from the plains to the south.

Landsat 7 draped on 90m DEM.
Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 5

5) The site immediately overlooks a pass through the ridge.

Landsat 7 draped on 90m DEM.
Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 6

6) A massive wall encloses the area between several peaks and ridges, including one fortified flat peak, (Kale), with an area of occupied flat land in between.

Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 7

7) The walls themselves are visible on Landsat 7 imagery (thin reddish line enclosing the green basin in the centre of the image). 'Seven kilometers of strong stone defences, pierced by seven gates, enclose 2.5 km2.' (Geoffrey Summers).

Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 8

8) Section showing the rugged topography of the site (N-S).

Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 9

9) Section showing the rugged topography of the site (E-W).

Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 10

10) The city was occupied for a relatively short time before being completely abandoned, leaving a remarkable urban ìfossilî of the earlier first millennium BC.

Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

Kerkenes image 11

11) This 3D view, looking north, indicates its spectacular setting.

Landsat 7 draped on 90m DEM, 3D
Landsat 7 imagery provided by NASA.

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How to cite this page: Andrew Sherratt (2004), 'Sites from Satellites: Kerkenes, Turkey', ArchAtlas, Version 4.1, http://www.archatlas.org/SitesFromSatellites/sites.php?name=kerkenes, Accessed: 17 December 2017